"Outside Japan's cities and towns, it is no exaggeration to say that a century ago every household had at least one operative loom."
Japan is a textile country.
"I am told it takes considerable experience to achieve the rhythmical clackity clack of working on a hand loom because weaving requires coordination of the whole body. Since it engages every part of the body right to the fingertips, people are said to never suffer from dementia in old age as long as they continue to weave."
Shinshu pongee (by the way "pongee" apparently comes from the Chinese 本織, "own weaving").
From the impressive Traditional Crafts of Japan site (via Mefi). Here's a montage of the site.